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Take This Warning,
you who would hurt
the creatures of wood,
meadow, and hearth.
Beware the Catwomen,
who follow Artemis.


The Spiraling Cycle
(My Spiritual Home page)
Higher Consciousness
(My Story;The Cat's Story)
(find the secret clicks and the deeper in you will go)
(the blog you are reading now)

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in each Moon

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Earth Holidays

"From conception the increase
From increase the swelling
From swelling the thought
From thought the remembrance
From remembrance the consciousness,
the desire..."
---- Maori Creation Chant

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moon phases

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 Favorite Places  

Myth*ing Link

45 million voices Abortion stories

ABA News
Abolish Sport Hunting
Abolish Animal Terrorism
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Action for Change networking site for change agents
"Afghanistan` Project"
Animal Liberation Front ALF
(May the Universe Keep Them Safe and Active for they are the finest of us all and they harm no living thing despite what the bosses tell you)
Animal Police
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Animal in WI Recomended Site
Anti-Slavery International
More animal links on my website under Social Change Moon
American Thinker
American Center for Democracy Libel Tourism and first amendment rights
Art Links Place's Moon - 3rd col
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Ashes & Snow use mouse on each picture
Art original

Banking on Heaven polygamy video
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Best Friends Sanctuary and Resources
Big Poon's Very Best Catnip
Bird Food

C-Span Video Library
CAIDS - Hunters for intelligent alternatives to Chronic Wasting Disease hysteria
Catch the Moon
Center for Feminist Art
The Center for Responsible Lending
Center for Gender Refugee Campaigns
Ceramic Sculpture
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"A Libra whose element is air. She makes birds and what is happening to the air (and herself) through birds"
Chicago Women's Liberation Union
Coalition for American Workers Save jobs for citizens. Prevent in and outsourcing jobs.
Compassion Over Killing
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Corporate Control of US Democracy
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Daily Coyote
  New Daily Coyote
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Donna Hughes

Earth Best Defense
Earth Justice Because the earth needs a good lawyer: recommended site
Eat Well at Veg Web
Equal Pay Act Check out how this site has changed under the BO adm. They have a link to go to the old site. Go to the old site to see then and now – they will keep the old site up for a few more months
Equal Rights Amendment
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Exploitation and trafficking in Women (Hughes)
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removal of feral (recommended site)

Genderberg Resource for sexual exploitation activists and researchers
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Human Trafficking Middle East
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Opinions You Should Have
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Visit Green's profile on Pinterest.
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Refugee Resettlement Watch recommended site
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Sari Art
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void of course
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Sacred hallows-not horror violence

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Enter the term, “women,” 444 entries; books, periodicals, oral history interviews, and manuscript collections.

WI Best Friends (recommended animal rescue site)
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Wild WI
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WOMEN AGAINST FUNDAMENTALISM IN IRAN Support Women Slaves Struggling to Organize in Iran - NOW! Follow the link above to find the website of women organizing behind burqas to bring freedom to Iran
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Despite the challenges, we were seeing free and democratic Iraq, we were living the hard laboring moment we believe that every one of us has duty towards our beloved country. By our hands, work, thoughts, sacrifice we will build up the new Iraq.

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Child Abuse History

[Melissa Farley (who wrote "Nevada") forwarded me this historic summary and update on child abuse. It reminds us that we are at the same threshold of recognizing the harm of prostitution and sex trafficking as the medical profession was in recognizing child abuse in 1962 .
Donna Hughes (Dignity Listserve)]

Greenconsciousness Notes: The medical profession may have recognized child abuse in the 60's but did not impact the legal system at all until the late 1980's. Even now we do not treat child abuse as if we understand its' connection to adult violence. Child Abuse is tolerated by the legal and social service systems. Religions encourage and practice child abuse and the law allows it. Hell, the law also tolerates polygamy. This article should be read with eyes wide focused on reality. However there is no doubt about the heroic nature of C. Henry Kempe and his ground breaking book "The Battered-Child Syndrome" and the forensic pathologists who used his work to obtain child abuse convictions. Special thanks for taking this work further goes out to Murray A Straus "Beating the Devil Out of Them"; Garbarino, Guttmann and Seeley for "The Psychologically Battered Child";and all the work of Ann Haralambie and Suzanne M. Sgroi, MD.

Medicine Discovers Child Abuse
Commentary by Carole Jenny, MD, MBA
JAMA. 2008;300(23):2796-2797.
The Battered-Child Syndrome
C. Henry Kempe, MD; Frederic N. Silverman, MD; Brandt F. Steele, MD; William Droegemueller, MD; and Henry K. Silver, MD
JAMA. 1962;181(1):17-24.

The battered-child syndrome is a term the authors used to describe young children who received serious physical abuse, generally from a parent or foster parent. In response to a survey, 71 hospitals reported that 302 battered children were seen in the past year. Characteristics of the battered-child syndrome were described and 2 cases were reported in detail.
See PDF for full text of the original JAMA article.

As read today, the 1962 landmark article by Kempe et al 1 seems almost naive. The authors included case reports of 2 children with head injuries and unexplained fractures. They surveyed colleagues and noted that other institutions had treated children with similar injuries.

In addition, they described the perpetrators of the abuse as possible "psychopathic or sociopathic characters" and gave speculative psychological explanations about why parents would severely beat their children. Finally, Kempe et al 1 provided radiographic clues to whether trauma was accidental or nonaccidental.

So why is this article considered one of the best pediatric research articles in the last 150 years? Because with this article, Kempe et al 1 established that physicians have a special responsibility to children—a responsibility to help keep them safe, sometimes even from their own parents.

It is difficult for many physicians today to appreciate the culture of the United States in 1962. Physicians did not diagnose child abuse, even when tre ating children with serious unexplained injuries.

Child abuse was not a medical problem, it was a social problem that was often ignored. In their article, Kempe et al 1 commented, "Many physicians find it hard to believe that such an attack could have occurred and they attempt to obliterate such suspicions from their minds, even in the face of obvious circumstantial evidence." 1

The response to the article w as mixed. Kempe's daughter described the reaction in her lovely biography of her father, A Good Knight for Children 2 : ". . . .he got diametrically opposed opinions, on one extreme or another: either, ‘thank you so much for confirming what I’ve suspected, and for educating us;’ or, ‘I don't know where you get your information. I’ve been in practice for years and have never seen any evidence of child abuse.’" 2 (p164)

Kempe did not stop his child welfare advocacy with the publication of his articles. He led the effort to establish laws mandating the reporting of cases of suspected child abuse and neglect to child protection agencies. 3 Between 1963 and 1967, every state in the United States passed mandatory child abuse reporting legislation.

Even prior to publishing "The Battered-Child Syndrome," Kempe established a multidisciplinary child protection team at Colorado General Hospital in Denver in 1958. He encouraged the development of child protection teams in20other hospitals to identify and treat abused and neglected children.

A recent study by the National Association of Children's Hospitals and Related Institutions found that 89% of US children's hospitals support multidisciplinary child protection teams (K. Seaver-Hill, oral communication, September 2008). These teams meet regularly to discuss child maltreatment cases with individuals from the hospital and the community and to coordinate care for maltreated children.

In addition to the 1962 article, Kempe brought another serious childhood issue to the fore. In 1977, he presented the Anderson Aldrich lecture at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Pediatrics. His speech and20the subsequently published article 4 was entitled "Sexual Abuse, Another Hidden Pediatric Problem." Prior to this article, sexual abuse and incest were considered to be extremely rare. Again, Kempe widened the awareness of health care problems (in this case, sexual abuse of children) that physicians needed to address.

Since the publication of Kempe's original work, understanding of the ways children can be maltreated has expanded greatly. Over the years there has been acknowledgement that overwhelming numbers of children are abused physically and sexually. The Na tional Child Abuse and Neglect Data System reported that in 2006, 905 000 children in the United States were found by social service agencies to be survivors of child abuse or neglect (12.1/100 000 children). 5

A meta-analysis of surveys of adults reported that 30% to 40% of women and 13% of men experienced sexual abuse during childhood. 6 Although there is no evidence that the actual prevalence has increased, these numbers would have been unbelievable in the 1960s.

Physicians and other health care professionals have learned about the lifelong effects of child abuse and neglect on the physical and mental health of survivors. For example, Anda et al 7 have studied the long-term consequences of childhood trauma in the adult population and have documented a wide variety of adverse outcomes. These include increased occurence of many physical conditions such as heart and liver disease, mental health problems (depression, anxiety, alcohol and drug abuse), and social problems such as unemployment and unwanted pregnancy. Their wor k over the years has shown that the long-term consequences of childhood trauma are not only persistent but they are additive.

We have become more sophisticated in the diagnosis of child abuse, using methods such as colposcopy, 8 biomechanics, 9 proteomics, 10 biochemistry, 11 and genetics. 12 The National Child Traumatic Stress Network, developed by the US Center for Mental Health Services, has contributed to the dissemination of resources and information for professionals treating this population of children. 13

Success has been more limited for prevention of child mistreatment. Effective prevention of sexual abuse of children has been an elusive goal. Conversely, home visitation and family development prog rams using nurse home visitors have shown promising results for prevention of physical abuse and neglect. 14

Overall, an online search of the MEDLINE database yields important data about the development of child maltreatment awareness by health care professionals since the article by Kempe et al 1 was published in201962. His battered-child article was assigned the following keywords by the National Library of Medicine: wounds and injuries, child, child welfare, and infant. In 1963, the keyword child abuse was added to the MEDLINE system. That same year, 12 articles were categorized under this keyword and in 2006, almost 600 articles were listed in MEDLINE under the keyword child abuse The marked increase in knowledge about child maltreatment has led to the development of a new pediatric subspecialty, child abuse pediatrics. 15

In 2009, the American Board of Pediatrics will administer the first examination for board certification in this subspecialty. One result of Kempe's battered-child syndrome article has been the evolution of a cadre of pediatricians who are dedicated to diagnosing, treating, and preventing child abuse and neglect. The subspecialty of child abuse pediatrics is his legacy.


Corresponding Author: Carole Jenny, MD, MBA, Department of Pediatrics, Albert Medical School of Brown University, 593 Eddy St, Potter-005, Providence, RI 02903 (


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